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We are offering complimentary consultations with our experienced attorneys via phone, Skype, FaceTime and Zoom to anyone – individuals, businesses and organizations – with a situation and/or questions related to immigration and nationality law. We can advise or offer second opinions on family-based and employment based immigration options, employer compliance, maintenance of non-immigrant status and employment authorization, political asylum, removal defense, remedies through federal court litigation or other U.S. immigration matters. Please contact us 24/7 at (312) 444-1940 or

International Adoption

International Adoption

International Adoption is the process in which you adopt a child from a country other than your own. By permanent legal adoption, the adopted child will move to your country of residence to live with the adopted parent(s).

Gaining US Citizenship for Adopted Children

It is very important that children adopted from other countries become United States citizens. Delaying or neglecting to obtain your adopted child’s citizenship can create difficulty for them when applying for or obtaining college scholarships, working legally, and partaking in other activities.

Applying for an Immigrant Visa for Adopted Children

Adopted children entering the United States to live permanently will need an immigrant visa. Immigrant visas are typically issued at the U.S. Embassy or Consulate in the child or children’s country of origin. When beginning the process of your adopted child coming into the United States, you should contact an experienced attorney.

Hague Adoption Process

The Hague Process, which was introduced to the United States in 2008, is an international adoption process which provides safety measures to the child or children, birth parents, and adoptive parents. To complete the Hague adoption process, follow these steps:

  • Choose an accredited Adoption Service Provider (ASP). It is also wise to work with an attorney. ASPs cannot provide legal advice or services throughout the process
  • Obtain a home study from authorized person with Hague adoption
  • Apply to United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) before placement for approval of intercountry adoption
  • Once application is approved by USCIS, work with ASP and legal team to put adoption plan into place
  • File petition for the child you are adopting for them to be eligible for immigration
  • Once immigration is accepted, adopt child and obtain immigrant visa
  • Bring the child home to the United States for admission with the visa

For more information on the Hague Adoption Process, contact the legal team at Scott D. Pollock & Associates, P.C.

Orphan Adoption Process

The orphan process of adoption and immigration is a bit different than the Hague process. By U.S. immigration law, an orphan is a child born in a foreign country who either does not have parents due to death or abandonment or has a sole surviving parent who is unable to care for them. If a birth parent is unable to care for their child, they must release the child for immigration and adoption in writing.

In order to adopt an orphan child from a foreign country, there must be a petition filed before the child turns 16 years old, and the child must be defined an orphan by the U.S. immigration law. An investigation may be done to confirm the following:

  • Verification of valid adoption or grant of custody
  • Child does not have illness or disability that is not listed and described in the petition
  • Determine if child has special needs that were not addressed in home study
  • Determine if there are any factors that the child doesn’t qualify for immigration as adopted child

To file a petition, the USCIS will review how suitable you are as an adoptive parent while also taking the status of the child into consideration. To classify your adopted child/orphan an immediate relative, file Form I-600.

What to Expect After Adoption

Depending on the terms or conditions of your adoption, you may be required to give a report on the progress and welfare of your adopted child/children. Post-adoption reports cover child development and adjustment to the new country and family.

Post-placement reporting is a form of adoption where the adoption is only approved after months of success in the home where the child has been placed. For the adoption to be deemed successful, the child must have a good report of child to parent bonding as well as child adjustment to new culture and environment.

It is extremely important that adoptive parents understand the requirements of post-adoption reporting. The parent(s) may be solely responsible for providing and submitting the reports, while in other instances, the ASP is responsible.

Post-Adoption Services

There are several services that may be available to your family post-adoption. Services can include support groups, social activities, camps, medical resources including therapy, as well as cultural activities.

Contact an Experienced Immigration Attorney Today

The Chicago immigration legal team at Scott D. Pollock & Associates, P.C. is here to answer any questions you have about Immigrant Visas and gaining US citizenship for adopted children. Contact a member of our team today at 312.444.1940.

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